Canine prostate disease
Prostate gland conditions are well-established in dogs.
The prostate is a gland that produces prostatic fluid. It is related to the reproductive system of male dogs and anatomically is located adjacent to the bladder and surrounds part of the urethra. Prostate growth and function depends on the testosterone produced at the testes.
The prostate gland is affected by various pathological conditions, just like in humans, which are more common in older dogs. Such conditions include benign prostatic hyperplasia, prostate abscesses, paraprostatic cysts, acute and chronic prostatitis and neoplasia (prostate cancer). Benign prostatic hyperplasia is the most common. Blood coming out from the penis not usually related to urination is the most common symptom associated with prostate conditions. Other symptoms include constipation (intense prostate swelling) and severe abdominal pain (acute prostatitis).
The dog’s history and a clinical examination are sufficient to identify the origin of the condition. Ultrasound examination, which can be assisted by material sampling (cytology examination), is necessary to determine the exact condition of the gland and its prognosis.
Antibiotics, when necessary, are usually administered for a long time (1 month), while in most conditions neutering (orchiectomy) is opted for, to prevent relapses and achieve complete cure.